Theory of Piaget Kohlberg and Vygotsky important 50 MCQs

Important questions on Piaget Kohlberg and Vygotsky’s theory

Theory of Piaget Kohlberg and Vygotsky:- we have discussed here most important MCQs on Piaget Kohlberg and Vygotsky’s theory.

Theory of Piaget Kohlberg and Vygotsky important MCQs
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Important MCQs

1.Question:- Four distinct stages of children’s intellectual development are identified by

A. Erikson

B. Skinner

C. Piaget

D. Kohlberg

Answer: Piaget

2. Question:- contact of language development which of the following areas was underestimated by Piaget?

A. Heredity

B. Social interaction

C. Egocentric speech

D. Active construction by the child

Answer:- Egocentric speech

3. Question:- which of the following stages are involved when infants think with their eyes, ears and hands?

A. Concrete operational stage

B. Preoperational stage

C. Sensorimotor stage

D. Formal operational stage

Answer:- sensorimotor stage

4. Question:- Fitting new information into existing schemes is known as:

A. Accommodation

B. Equilibration

C. Assimilation

D. Organisation

Answer:- Assimilation

5. Question:- According to Piaget’s theory, children learn by:

A. Memorizing information by paying due attention

B. Scaffolding provided by more able members of the society

C. Processes of adaptation

D. Changing their behavior when offered appropriate rewards

Answer:- Processes of adaptation

6. Question:- Retrieving hidden objects is evidence that infants have begun to master which of the following cognitive functions?

A. Intentional behavior

B. Object permanence

C. Problem solving

D. experimentation

Answer:- Object permanence

7. Question:- The cognitive ability that comes in pre-operational period is:

A. Hypothetico-deductive thinking

B. Ability for abstract thinking

C. Ability of goal-directed behavior

D. Ability to take other’s opinion

Answer:- ability of goal directed behaviour

8. Question:- Children in primary schools follow which of the, following stages as proposed by Lawrence Kohlberg?
A. Obedience and Punishment Orientation
B. Individualism and Exchange
C. Good Interpersonal Relationships
D. Social Contract and Individual Rights
  1. A and C
  2. A and D
  3. B and D
  4. A and B

Answer:- A and B

9. Question:- According to Socio-cultural theory of Vygotsky:

A. Culture and language play a crucial role in development

B. The child thinks in different domains and does not take a complete perspective

C. Children think in abstract terms if presented abstract material at a lower age

D. Self-directed speech is the lowest stage of the scaffold

Answer:- A. Culture and language play a crucial role in development

10. Question:- ‘The child can think logically about phenomena and objects.’ The correct statement regarding the stages of Piaget’s theory is

(a) sensory nervous system

(b) concrete operating process

(c) Initial operating procedure

(d) Formal Operating Procedure

Answer:- concrete operating process

11.Question:-According to Piaget’s principle, what is the duration of the pre-operational state?

(1) Four to eight years

(2) Two years from birth

(3) Two to seven years

(4) five to eight years

Answer:- Two to seven years

12. Question:- According to Piaget, during the first stage of development (birth to about 2 years of age) the child learns best by _______ .

(1) By understanding neutral words

(2) by thinking abstractly

(3) By application of newly acquired knowledge of the language

(4) by the use of the senses

Answer:- by the use of the senses

13. Question:-According to Piaget, at which stage of cognitive development does the child exhibit ‘object permanence’?

(1) concrete Operational Phase

(2) Formal Operational Stage

(3) sensory – motivational stage

(4) Pre-operational stage

Answer. Pre operational stage

14. Question:- Who among the following states that “cognitive development is based on discovery and not on imitation”

(1) Jean Piaget

(2) Kohlberg

(3) Skinner

(4) Vygotsky

Answer. Jean Piaget

15. Question:- According to Piaget, at what stage does a child begin to recognise and differentiate objects in his environment?

(1) Concrete operational state

(2) Formal operational stage

(3) sensory-motivational state

(4) Pre-operational state

Answer:- sensory-motivational state

CTET and TET exam important 30 MCQs on child development and pedagogy
16. Question:- What did Piaget say about the incorporation of new ideas into a child’s thoughts?

(1) Administration

(2) assimilation

(3) search

(4) construction

Answer. Assimilation

17. Question:- According to Jean Piaget, the lack of cognitive maturity is found in children up to the age of

(1) 4 years

(2) 6 years

(3) 8 years

(4) 12 years

Answer:- 6 years

(1) Skinner

(2) Jean Piaget

(3) Vygotsky

(4) Kohlberg

Answer. Jean Piaget

19. Question:- Among the four stages of child development described by Piaget, is the duration of the formal or abstract operational stage?

(1) Birth to 2 years

(2) 2 to 7 years

(3) 7 to 11 years

(4) 11 years to adulthood

Answer. 11 years to adulthood

Constructs and critical perspective of Piaget Kohlberg and Vygotsky

20. Question:- According to Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, at what stage can a child think about problems conceptually?

(1) abstract operational state

(2) Tangible operational state

(3) Pre-operational state

(4) sensory state

Answer. abstract operational state

21. Question:- It is called molding itself according to the environment.

(1) Equilibration

(2) Adjustment

(3) Customization

(4) Co-operative

Answer. Customization

22. Question:- Development according to Piaget’s theory of cognitive development

(1) is an intermittent process.

(2) It is a continuous process.

(3) is an intermittent and continuous process

(4) none of the above

Answer. It is continuous process

(1) Piaget’s educational importance of cognitive development

(2) Vygotsky’s theory of social development

(3) Kohrberg’s theory of moral development

(4) none of the above

Answer. Piaget’s educational importance of cognitive development

25. Question:- Language development begins in children.

(1) sensory state

(2) Pre-operational state

(3) Concrete operational state

(4) abstract operational state

Answer. Pre operational state

26. Question:- Who among the following propounded the theory of ‘stage of moral development’?

(1) Jean Piaget

(2) Lawrence Kohnberg

(3) Freud

(4) Sears

Answer. Lawrence kohlberg

27. Question:- Lawrence Kohlberg has divided the stage of moral development into how many stages?

(1) in two stages

(2) in three stages

(3) in four stages

(4) in eight stages

Answer. In three stages

(1) early childhood

(2) childhood

(3) adolescence

(4) none of the above

Answer. Adolescence

29. Question:- Who among the following has considered the interaction of children as the basic basis of their development?

(1) Lawrence Koiberg

(2) Lev Vygotsky

(3) Jean Piaget

(4) Skinner

Answer. Lev Vygotsky

30. Question:- According to Vygotsky, when are children active members of peer groups?

(1) early childhood

(3) adolescence

(2) childhood

(4) adulthood

Answer. Adolescence

Question 31. According to Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, which of the following concepts refers to the process of fitting new information into existing mental schemas?

a)Accommodation
b) Assimilation
c) Equilibrium
d) Conservation

Answer: b) Assimilation

Question 32. According to Kohlberg’s theory of moral development, which level of moral reasoning is characterized by making decisions based on the avoidance of punishment and the attainment of rewards?

a) Preconventional level
b) Conventional level
c) Postconventional level
d) Transconventional level

Answer: a) Preconventional level

Question 33. Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory emphasizes the role of __ in cognitive development.

a) Genetic factors
b) Environmental influences
c) Maturation
d) Cognitive schemas

Answer: b) Environmental influences

Question 34. According to Piaget’s theory, which stage of cognitive development is characterized by the ability to think logically and perform operations, but with limited abstract reasoning?

a) Sensorimotor stage
b) Pre-operational stage
c) Concrete operational stage
d) Formal operational stage

Answer: c) Concrete operational stage

Question 35. Kohlberg’s theory of moral development is based on the concept of __, which involves the progression of moral reasoning through a series of stages.

a) Assimilation
b) Equilibration
c) Scaffolding
d) Moral dilemmas

Answer: d) Moral dilemmas

Question 36.According to Vygotsky, the zone of proximal development (ZPD) refers to:

a) The difference between a learner’s actual developmental level and their potential developmental level.
b) The difference between a learner’s current abilities and the abilities of their peers.
c) The social interactions that promote cognitive development.
d) The stage of development when children begin to use symbolic thought.

Answer: a) The difference between a learner’s actual developmental level and their potential developmental level.

Question 37. Piaget’s theory of cognitive development suggests that children actively construct their knowledge through:

a) Social interactions and cultural influences.
b) Reinforcement and punishment.
c) Observing and imitating others.
d) Assimilating and accommodating new information.

Answer: d) Assimilating and accommodating new information.

Question 38. Kohlberg’s theory of moral development includes levels and stages.

a) Two; six
b) Three; six
c) Four; six
d) Six; six

Answer: b) Three; six

Question 39. Vygotsky’s theory emphasizes the importance of __ in facilitating cognitive development.

a) gender roles
b) private speech
c) Object permanence
d) Abstract reasoning

Answer: b) private speech

Question 40. According to Piaget, conservation is the understanding that:

a) Objects continue to exist even when they are out of sight.
b) Physical characteristics of objects remain the same even when their appearance changes.
c) One’s actions can cause changes in the environment.
d) Objects can be classified into different categories based on their properties.

Answer: b) Physical characteristics of objects remain the same even when their appearance changes.

Question 41. According to Piaget, during the sensorimotor stage of cognitive development, which of the following abilities develops around 8 to 12 months of age?

a) object permanence
b) Conservation
c) Abstract reasoning
d) Egocentrism

Answer: a) Object permanence

Question 42. Kohlberg’s theory of moral development proposes that individuals at the postconventional level make moral decisions based on:

a) Fear of punishment
b) Social norms and expectations
c) Personal values and ethical principles
d) Empathy and compassion

Answer: c) Personal values and ethical principles

Question 43.Vygotsky introduced the concept of scaffolding, which refers to:

a) The process of adjusting existing mental schemas to incorporate new information
b) The gradual withdrawal of support as a learner becomes more capable
c) The use of symbolic thought to solve problems and think abstractly
d) The temporary support provided by a knowledgeable person to help a learner solve a problem or master a task

Answer: d) The temporary support provided by a knowledgeable person to help a learner solve a problem or master a task

Question 44. According to Piaget’s theory, the preoperational stage is characterized by:

a) The ability to think logically and perform mental operations
b) The development of object permanence
c) Egocentric thinking and difficulty with conservation tasks
d) The emergence of abstract reasoning skills

Answer: c) Egocentric thinking and difficulty with conservation tasks

Question 45. Kohlberg’s theory of moral development suggests that individuals progress through three levels of moral reasoning. Which of the following is not one of those levels?

a) Preconventional level
b) Conventional level
c) Postconventional level
d) Universal level

Answer: d) Universal level

Question 46. Vygotsky proposed the concept of the “More Knowledgeable Other” (MKO), who refers to:

a) A peer who has more expertise in a specific domain
b) An individual who is at the same level of development as the learner
c) A person who is less knowledgeable but can provide emotional support
d) A person with higher skills or understanding who can assist and guide the learner’s development

Answer: d) A person with higher skills or understanding who can assist and guide the learner’s development

Question 47. According to Piaget, which of the following is a characteristic of the formal operational stage of cognitive development?

a) Abstract reasoning and hypothetical thinking
b) Object permanence and symbolic play
c) Egocentric thinking and centration
d) Sensorimotor coordination and concrete operations

Answer: a) Abstract reasoning and hypothetical thinking

Question 48. Kohlberg’s theory of moral development is heavily influenced by the work of which psychologist?

a) Jean Piaget
b) Sigmund Freud
c) Lawrence Kohlberg
d) Erik Erikson

Answer: a) Jean Piaget

Question 49. Vygotsky emphasized the importance of cultural tools, which include:

a) Language, symbols, and artifacts
b) reinforcement and punishment
c) Abstract reasoning and logical thinking
d) Object permanence and conservation

Answer: a) Language, symbols, and artifacts

Question 50. According to Piaget, the ability to understand that others may have different perspectives, thoughts, and beliefs than oneself is known as:

a) object permanence
b) Conservation
c) Egocentrism
d) Theory of mind

Answer: d) Theory of mind

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