Russia Ukraine conflicts summary 2022 free PDF

Summary of Russia Ukraine war 2022

Russia Ukraine conflicts :- The war between Russia and Ukraine started on 24 February 2022. There are many reasons for Russia and Ukraine war. The conflicts between the two countries have been going on for many years.

Russia Ukraine conflicts
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On 21 February 2022, Russia officially recognized two separate regions in eastern Ukraine, the Donetsk People’s Republic and the Luhansk People’s Republic, as independent states and deployed troops to the Donbass. In a move interpreted as Russia’s effective withdrawal from Minsk.

On February 22, Putin said that the Minsk Agreement was no longer valid. On the same day, the Federation Council unanimously authorized the use of military force in the territories.
On the morning of 24 February, Putin announced that Russia was launching a “special military operation” in the Donbass and launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine.


  1. According to Russia’s the expansion of NATO violates promises made prior to the disintegration of the Soviet Union that Ukraine’s entry into NATO would exceed the status quo for Russia. NATO’s strategic posture poses an ongoing security threat to Russia.
  2. Russia wants assurances from the West that Ukraine will never be allowed to join NATO. Ukraine is currently a NATO ‘partner country’, which means it will be allowed to join this military alliance in the future.
  3. The United States and its Western allies are refusing to ban Ukraine from NATO, claiming that Ukraine is a sovereign state free to choose its own security alliances.
  4. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ukraine and Russia continued to maintain close relations.
  5. Despite being a recognised independent country since 1991, as a former USSR constituent republic, Ukraine was considered part of its sphere of influence by the Russian leadership.
  6. In 2008, Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke out against Ukraine’s membership in NATO.
  7. In July 2021, Putin published an essay titled On the Historical Unity of Russians and Ukrainians, in which he reaffirmed his view that Russians and Ukrainians were “one people”.
  8. Russia has said that Ukraine’s possible merger with NATO and the expansion of NATO threatens its national security.

NATO (The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation)


The North Atlantic Treaty Organization also known as the North Atlantic Alliance. It is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 member states, of which 28 are in Europe and the other 2 are in North America. This organization was established in the aftermath of World War II. The North Atlantic Treaty signed by this organization on 4 April 1949 came into force.

NATO member states are ready to defend each other in response to an attack by any other country. NATO is a military formation of a security system. This organization was established to respond to the threat of war by the Soviet Union.

The NATO headquarters is located in Brussels, Belgium, while the headquarters of Allied Command Operations is near Mons, Belgium.

Reasons for Russia Ukraine War

Introduction: The ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine has been a matter of international concern for many years. This complex and multidimensional struggle has deep historical, political and socio-economic roots. It is important to understand the reasons behind this conflict in order to develop effective solutions and promote lasting peace in the region. In this article, we will explore some of the major factors contributing to the Russia-Ukraine conflict.

1. Historical Background:

The historical relationship between Russia and Ukraine is an important factor in understanding the conflict. Ukraine has a long history of cultural, ethnic and linguistic separation from Russia. However, Ukraine is also deeply intertwined with Russian history and has experienced periods of both independence and subjugation to Russian rule. Historical complexities have fueled differing views on identity, sovereignty and geopolitical alignment, leading to tensions between the two countries.

2. Geopolitical Interests:

Geopolitical interests play an important role in the Russia-Ukraine conflict. Ukraine has long been seen as a buffer zone between Russia and the West. Russia has historically sought to maintain influence and control over Ukraine, viewing it as an integral part of its sphere of influence. Ukraine, on the other hand, has sought closer ties with the European Union (EU) and NATO, a move Russia views as a threat to its strategic interests. The competition for influence and control in the region has intensified the conflict.

3. Ethnic and Linguistic Division:

Ukraine is a diverse country with a significant population of ethnic Russians, especially in the eastern and southern regions. These regions have close cultural and historical ties to Russia and have expressed concern over possible discrimination and marginalization by the Ukrainian government. The issue of language rights and the status of Russian as an official language has also been a source of controversy. These divisions have been exploited by both sides, increasing tensions and contributing to the conflict.

4. Annexation of Crimea:

The annexation of Crimea by Russia in 2014 led to a major escalation in the conflict. The strategic importance of Crimea, its historical ties with Russia, and the presence of a Russian-majority population were cited as justifications by Russia. However, the international community widely condemned the annexation as a violation of Ukraine’s sovereignty and a violation of international law. The merger increased mistrust and further polarization in both countries, leading to ongoing violence in eastern Ukraine.

5. Economic Factors:

Economic factors also play an important role in the conflict. Ukraine has long struggled with economic challenges, corruption and weak governance. Russia has used economic leverage, such as energy dependence and trade sanctions, as a tool to exert pressure on Ukraine. These economic dependencies have made Ukraine vulnerable to Russian influence, further complicating the dynamics of the conflict.

6. Old disputes

Until 1991, Ukraine was part of the erstwhile Soviet Union (USSR). Ukraine is bordered by Europe to the west and Russia to the east.
Russia and Ukraine have many reasons for the war, but joining NATO membership is considered the biggest reason for this war.


  1. In 1949, the US formed NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) to deal with the then Soviet Union. This organization was created to counter Russia.
  2. 30 countries of the world including America and Britain are members of NATO.
  3. Ukraine wants to join NATO but Russia does not want Ukraine to join NATO. Because this threatens Russia, NATO troops will be stationed on its border.
  4. The NATO organization has more than 3 million troops and Russia has 1.2 million soldiers.
  5. Russia demands that NATO give it a written assurance that it will never include Ukraine in NATO and neither the countries that have left the European Union.

8. Russia and Europe gas pipeline dispute

One of the causes of the war is the Russia and Europe gas pipeline dispute. Russia sends gas to Europe via a pipeline that passes through Ukraine. Russia pays transit fees for the gas pipeline. Russia was paying about 33 billion dollars to Ukraine every year. This amount was 4 percent of the total budget of Ukraine. For this reason, Russia feels that it will be easier to send gas pipelines to them if they occupy some territory of Ukraine.

9. Crimea Controversy 2014

  1. Russia annexed the Ukrainian city of Crimea in 2014. Crimea has a port, which is strategically important for Russia. It is such a port that gives connectivity to Russia by sea. Most of the people in Crimea are Russian speakers, who are more attached to Russia. Because of this, Ukraine is afraid that Russia may occupy more of its territory, so it wants to join NATO.
  2. The dispute between Russia and Ukraine began in November 2013, when Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovich began protesting in Kyiv, but was supported by Russia.
  3. Yanukovich had to leave the country in February 2014 due to protests from US-UK backed protesters.
  4. In protest, Russia annexed Crimea in southern Ukraine and supported the separatists there. These separatists have occupied large parts of eastern Ukraine.
  5. Since 2014, pro-Russian separatists and Ukrainian forces have been fighting in the Donbass province. Prior to this, when Ukraine broke away from the Soviet Union in 1991, there were many conflicts between the two countries over Crimea.
  6. After all Russia has attacked Ukraine on 24 February 2022, regardless of the sanctions of America and other countries.

If NATO takes action against Russia and other countries of Europe join this war, then the risk of third world war may increase.

10. Energy Security and Resources:

Ukraine plays an important role in the transportation of Russian natural gas to Europe. As a major transit country, it has historically been an important route for Russian gas exports to reach European markets. Disputes over gas prices, loans and supply disruptions have raised tensions between the two countries. Russia has used its control over energy resources as a tool for political influence, while Ukraine has sought to diversify its energy sources to reduce dependence on Russian gas.

11. Nationalism and Identity:

Nationalism and the desire for self-determination have also fueled the conflict. In Ukraine, there is a strong sense of Ukrainian nationalism and an aspiration to assert a distinct Ukrainian identity. In contrast, some regions with significant Russian populations have expressed a desire for closer ties with Russia. These nationalistic sentiments have intensified division and contributed to the conflict.

12. Security Concerns:

Russia has expressed concern over the expansion of NATO and the possibility of Ukraine joining the alliance. From the Russian point of view, the presence of NATO near its borders threatens its national security. Russia has seen the protests in Ukraine and closer ties with the West as a Western-backed effort to encroach on its sphere of influence. In response, Russia has increased its military presence in the region, further increasing tensions.

13. Propaganda and Propaganda:

The use of disinformation and propaganda has played an important role in shaping public opinion and escalating conflict. Both Russia and Ukraine have been accused of employing propaganda and misinformation campaigns to manipulate statements and sow division among their populations. The disinformation has fueled mistrust and contributed to polarization between the two countries.

14. International Influence and Support:

The conflict in Ukraine has also been influenced by international actors. Western countries, including the United States and the European Union, have condemned Russia’s actions and provided support to Ukraine through economic aid and sanctions on Russia. In contrast, Russia has drawn support from countries that share similar concerns about Western influence and see the conflict as a fight for self-determination. The involvement of international actors has complicated the conflict and hindered its resolution.

Conclusion: The Russia–Ukraine conflict is a complex issue driven by historical, geopolitical, ethnic, linguistic and economic factors. The conflict caused immense human suffering, displaced thousands of people and strained international relations. Resolving this conflict requires a comprehensive approach that addresses underlying grievances, promotes dialogue, respects Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity and leads to a peaceful and mutually beneficial solution for both countries. tries to find. International cooperation and diplomacy are critical to achieving a lasting solution and ensuring stability in the region.

Impacts of Russia Ukraine war

1. Humanitarian crisis:

The conflict has resulted in a severe humanitarian crisis, with thousands of casualties and millions of people affected. Civilians have faced violence, displacement and lack of access to basic necessities such as food, water and health care. The conflict has also destroyed critical infrastructure, including hospitals, schools and residential areas.

2. Displacement and Refugees:

The conflict has forced large numbers of people to flee their homes. According to the United Nations, more than 1.5 million Ukrainians have been internally displaced, while hundreds of thousands have taken refuge in neighboring countries. Displaced persons face challenges such as inadequate housing, limited access to essential services and difficulties in finding livelihood opportunities.

3. Economic Consequences:

The conflict has had a detrimental effect on the economies of both Russia and Ukraine. Ukraine has experienced a sharp decline in GDP, currency devaluation, and high inflation. Ongoing violence and uncertainty have affected foreign investment and hindered economic growth. Similarly, Russia has faced economic sanctions and an increase in military spending, which has put pressure on its economy.

4. Energy Security:

The conflict has disrupted energy supplies and raised concerns about energy security in the region. Ukraine, as a major transit country for Russian gas exports to Europe, has faced interruptions in gas deliveries during periods of heightened tensions. This has not only affected Ukraine but also created uncertainty for European countries highly dependent on Russian gas.

5. Political polarization and instability:

The conflict has deepened political divisions within Ukraine and heightened nationalism. It has also strained relations between Russia and Western countries, resulting in increased diplomatic tensions and geopolitical rivalry. The conflict has challenged the stability of the region and hindered efforts to foster trust and cooperation among nations.

6. International Relations:

The Russia–Ukraine conflict has had a significant impact on international relations. This has strained relations between Russia and Western countries, leading to sanctions and counter-sanctions. The conflict has also tested the unity and effectiveness of international organizations such as the United Nations and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) in mediating and resolving the crisis.

7. Implications for global security:

The conflict has wide-ranging implications for global security, particularly in terms of territorial integrity, sovereignty and norms of international law. The annexation of Crimea by Russia has challenged the principle of respect for national borders and raised concerns about the stability of the international order. The conflict has also sparked debate about the role and responsibility of major powers in resolving regional conflicts.

8. Crude oil and stagflation

The Russia-Ukraine war is having an impact on the worldwide economy. Crude oil and edible oil prices are increasing drastically.

According to the US Energy Information Administration, Russia ranks third in the world in terms of crude oil production after the US and Saudi Arabia. In the year 2020, Russia produced 10.5 million barrels of oil per day. Exported a total of 50 to 60 million barrels of oil and half of which only exported to Europe.

Economists at Barclays Bank say there is a risk of increasing stagflation.
Stagflation is a situation when inflation continues to rise and the economy comes to a standstill. Economic growth slows down and unemployment rises. When inflation rises and GDP decreases at the same time, that situation is called stagflation.

9. Increase in food prices

Russia Ukraine will have an impact on food prices. According to researches 14% of the wheat production of the whole world is done in Ukraine and Russia. 29% of the wheat in the global market comes from these two countries. The production of sunflower and maize crops is also very high in these two countries. If there is a halt in the export of food grains, then the biggest impact will be on Middle East Africa and Turkey. So overall, the food stocks of other countries are filled by Russia and Ukraine. So from this it can be estimated that how much the prices of food stores will increase.

10. Obstacles in the career of youth

The Russia-Ukraine war had a major impact on the careers of youth. In Ukraine, students from India go to study MBBS or medical courses. Due to the fierce war, all the students have gone back to India and that is why their studies have stopped in the middle. Medical courses are available in Ukraine at less cost than India, so students go there to do medical courses.

11. Loss of consumer demands

Due to the bad conditions during the war, the prices of the products are increasing significantly. Which can have a direct impact on the demand of the customers. Consumer demand has come down drastically due to the increase in the prices of the products. This will affect trade across Asia.

12. Impact on Indian farmers

Natural gas is imported from Russia and Ukraine countries for the production of fertilizers like nitrogen, phosphorus etc. In the manufacture of urea, 80 percent natural gas is used. Due to the war of these countries, the import of natural gas in India has been affected. This has increased the prices of urea in the international market. According to its initial effect, the price of natural gas has doubled.

conclusion: The Russia–Ukraine conflict has had far-reaching effects, ranging from humanitarian crisis and displacement of people to economic consequences and political instability. It has strained relations between Russia and Western countries, raised concerns about energy security and challenged norms of international law. Resolving the conflict and addressing its consequences is important not only for Russia and Ukraine, but also for regional stability and global security. International efforts, diplomacy and a commitment to peaceful negotiations are critical to finding a lasting solution and minimizing the lasting effects of the conflict.

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