MCQs on Indian Constitution with Answers free PDF

MCQs on Indian Constitution

MCQs on Indian Constitution : In this article we have discussed about multiple choice questions with answers on Indian Constitution. MCQs on Indian Constitution suggested for various types of exams and compititive exams.

MCQs on Indian Constitution

Question 1. Who is considered as the father of the Indian Constitution?

a) Jawaharlal Nehru
b) Mahatma Gandhi
c) B.R. Ambedkar
d) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Answer: c) B.R. Ambedkar

Question 2. The Indian Constitution was adopted on:

a) 26th January 1950
b) 15th August 1947
c) 26th January 1949
d) 15th August 1950

Answer: a) 26th January 1950

Question 3. The Indian Constitution has a total of how many articles?

a) 394
b) 395
c) 396
d) 397

Answer: b) 395

Question 4. The Constitution of India declares India as:

a) A federal state
b) A unitary state
c) A confederate state
d) None of the above

Answer: a) A federal state

Question 5. The Constitution of India is based on which of the following ideologies?

a) Socialism
b) Capitalism
c) Fascism
d) Democracy

Answer: d) Democracy

Question 6. Who has the power to create new States or Union Territories in India?

a) President of India
b) Prime Minister of India
c) Parliament of India
d) Chief Minister of the respective state

Answer: c) Parliament of India

Question 7. What is the minimum age requirement for being a member of the Rajya Sabha?

a) 21 years
b) 25 years
c) 30 years
d) 35 years

Answer: d) 35 years

Question 8. What is the minimum age requirement for being a member of the Lok Sabha?

a) 21 years
b) 25 years
c) 30 years
d) 35 years

Answer: b) 25 years

Question 9. The President of India is elected for a term of:

a) 3 years
b) 5 years
c) 7 years
d) 10 years

Answer: b) 5 years

Question 10. The Constitution of India has how many Schedules?

a) 9
b) 10
c) 11
d) 12

Answer: b) 10

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Question 11. The Indian Constitution provides for how many fundamental rights?

a) 5
b) 6
c) 7
d) 8

Answer: c) 7

Question 12. The President of India can be impeached by:

a) Lok Sabha
b) Rajya Sabha
c) Joint Session of Parliament
d) All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above

Question 13. The Directive Principles of State Policy are enshrined in which part of the Indian Constitution?

a) Part III

b) Part IV

c) Part V

d) Part VI

Answer: b) Part IV

Question 14. Who appoints the Chief Justice of India?

a) The Prime Minister
b) The President
c) The Chief Justice of India
d) The Union Cabinet

Answer: b) The President

Question 15. The Indian Constitution has how many types of emergencies?

a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4

Answer: c) 3 (National Emergency, State Emergency and Financial Emergency)

Question 16. What is the minimum age requirement for being the President of India?

a) 30 years
b) 35 years
c) 40 years
d) 45 years

Answer: b) 35 years

Question 17. The Indian Constitution has how many parts?

a) 22
b) 23
c) 24
d) 25

Answer: a) 22

Question 18. What is the duration of a regular session of the Parliament of India?

a) 30 days
b) 60 days
c) 75 days
d) 90 days

Answer: d) 90 days

Question 19. The Constitution of India provides for how many types of writs?

a) 3
b) 4
c) 5
d) 6

Answer: b) 4 (Habeas Corpus, Mandamus, Certiorari and Prohibition)

Question 20. The Indian Constitution was first drafted in which year?

a) 1947
b) 1948
c) 1949
d) 1950

Answer: b) 1948

Question 21. Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the Fundamental Rights?

a) Article 14-28
b) Article 29-30
c) Article 32-35
d) Article 36-51

Answer: c) Article 32-35

Question 22. The Directive Principles of State Policy in the Indian Constitution are borrowed from which country?

a) United Kingdom
b) United States of America
c) Ireland
d) France

Answer: c) Ireland

Question 23. The President of India is elected by an electoral college consisting of:

a) Members of Parliament only
b) Members of Parliament and State Legislatures
c) State Legislatures only
d) Members of Parliament, State Legislatures, and Union Territories

Answer: b) Members of Parliament and State Legislatures

Question 24. Which amendment to the Indian Constitution lowered the voting age from 21 to 18 years?

a) 42nd Amendment
b) 44th Amendment
c) 61st Amendment
d) 73rd Amendment

Answer: c) 61st Amendment

Question 25. The concept of judicial review in the Indian Constitution is borrowed from which country?

a) United Kingdom
b) United States of America
c) Canada
d) Australia

Answer: b) United States of America

Question 26. The Chairman of the Rajya Sabha is elected by its members, and in the absence of the Chairman, who presides over its sessions?

a) Vice President of India
b) President of India
c) Prime Minister of India
d) Leader of the Opposition in Rajya Sabha

Answer: a) Vice President of India

Question 27. Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the impeachment of the President?

a) Article 61
b) Article 71
c) Article 81
d) Article 91

Answer: a) Article 61

Question 28. How many schedules are there in the Indian Constitution?

a) 8
b) 10
c) 12
d) 14

Answer: d) 14

Question 29. Which of the following is not a fundamental duty under the Indian Constitution?

a) To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals
b) To protect and improve the natural environment
c) To promote scientific temper and spirit of inquiry
d) To vote in every election

Answer: d) To vote in every election

Question 30. Who appoints the Chief Justice of India?

a) President of India
b) Prime Minister of India
c) Chief Justice of India himself/herself
d) Supreme Court Collegium

Answer: a) President of India

Question 31. Who is considered the “Father of the Indian Constitution”?

a) Mahatma Gandhi
b) Jawaharlal Nehru
c) B.R. Ambedkar
d) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Answer: c) B.R. Ambedkar

Question 32. Which article of the Indian Constitution provides for the abolition of untouchability?

a) Article 15
b) Article 16
c) Article 17
d) Article 18

Answer: c) Article 17

Question 33. The President of India can declare a national emergency under which article of the Indian Constitution?

a) Article 352
b) Article 356
c) Article 360
d) Article 370

Answer: a) Article 352

Question 34. How many members are there in the Rajya Sabha, the Upper House of Parliament?

a) 200
b) 250
c) 300
d) 350

Answer: b) 250

Question 35. The power to amend the Constitution of India lies with:

a) President of India
b) Parliament
c) Supreme Court
d) Prime Minister

Answer: b) Parliament

Question 36. Which of the following is not a feature of the Indian federal system?

a) Dual citizenship
b) Dual judiciary
c) Dual government
d) Dual citizenship and dual judiciary

Answer: a) Dual citizenship

Question 37. Who has the power to remove the Vice President of India from office?

a) President of India
b) Parliament
c) Supreme Court
d) Vice President himself/herself

Answer: b) Parliament

Question 38. Which amendment to the Indian Constitution introduced the Anti-Defection Law?

a) 42nd Amendment
b) 44th Amendment
c) 52nd Amendment
d) 73rd Amendment

Answer: c) 52nd Amendment

Question 39. The concept of “One Person, One Vote” is associated with which principle of the Indian Constitution?

a) Parliamentary Sovereignty
b) Universal Adult Suffrage
c) Rule of Law
d) Judicial Review

Answer: b) Universal Adult Suffrage

Question 40. Which schedule of the Indian Constitution contains the list of official languages of India?

a) 7th Schedule
b) 8th Schedule
c) 9th Schedule
d) 10th Schedule

Answer: b) 8th Schedule

Question 41. Which article of the Indian Constitution guarantees the right to protection from double jeopardy?

a) Article 19
b) Article 20
c) Article 21
d) Article 22

Answer: b) Article 20

Question 42. The Parliament of India consists of how many houses?

a) One
b) Two
c) Three
d) Four

Answer: b) Two

Question 43. Who appoints the Governor of a state in India?

a) President of India
b) Prime Minister of India
c) Chief Minister of the state
d) Chief Justice of India

Answer: a) President of India

Question 44. The Constitution of India was adopted on:

a) 26th January 1949
b) 15th August 1947
c) 26th November 1949
d) 2nd October 1950

Answer: c) 26th November 1949

Question 45. Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the establishment and constitution of the Finance Commission?

a) Article 280
b) Article 290
c) Article 300
d) Article 310

Answer: a) Article 280

Question 46. The President of India can appoint retired judges of the Supreme Court as judges of which court?

a) High Court
b) District Court
c) Special Court
d) Foreign Court

Answer: a) High Court

Question 47. Which amendment to the Indian Constitution introduced the system of Panchayati Raj institutions in rural areas?

a) 42nd Amendment
b) 73rd Amendment
c) 86th Amendment
d) 97th Amendment

Answer: b) 73rd Amendment

Question 48. The concept of “socialist” in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution was added by which amendment?

a) 42nd Amendment
b) 44th Amendment
c) 61st Amendment
d) 74th Amendment

Answer: a) 42nd Amendment

Question 49. Which article of the Indian Constitution provides protection to civil servants for work done in good faith?

a) Article 309
b) Article 310
c) Article 311
d) Article 312

Answer: c) Article 311

Question 50. The National Human Rights Commission of India was established under which article of the Indian Constitution?

a) Article 323
b) Article 324
c) Article 325
d) Article 326

Answer: a) Article 323

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