Child development Most important MCQs
Child development: In this article we are covering most important MCQs of child development and pedagogy for TET exam. It’ll be also applicable for all teaching exam KVS, DSSSB, REET, MPTET, UPTET, PSTET
1. Question:- which type of listening helps the speaker?
D. Both A and B
2. Question:- Planning, organizing, leading and evaluating are the four steps of remedial teaching suggested by whom?
A) I K Davis
B) E H Billows
C) E M Anthony
D) None of these
3. Question:- Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) approach
A. Structural approach
B. Grammar translation method
C. Audio lingual approach
D. Use of language
4. Question:- According to Piaget Constructivism, education is centred to which of the following?
A. Education is teacher centred
B. Education is child centred
C. Education is behaviorist in nature
D. Education participate passively in learning
5. Question:- _______ method try to build strong personal links between the teacher and the learner.
6. Question:- Indian language in education policy is known as
A. Multilingual education
B. Three language formula
C. Mother tongue medium education
D. Regional long education
7. Question:- Bottom up model of reading expect learner to
A. Center to periphery
B. Top to bottom
C. Part to whole
D. Whole to part
8. Question:- According to Vygotsky, when an adult extends the child’s current level of performance through cooperation. What is it called?
A. Zone of proximal development
D. Exploratory learning
9. Question. What education level provision should a teacher make for the student who is visually impaired?
A. Verbal cues
B. Visual display
D. Micro printing
10. Question:- what is an essential quality of teaching a language?
C. Pedagogical understanding
D. To be friendly
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11. Question:- The reason for the problem of stammering in a child ?
A. Late arrival of teacher
B. Cumbersome exams
C. Curriculum burden
D. Lack of confidence
12. Question:- Children learn in a _______ way not in a _______ way.
A. Mechanistic, structuralist
B. Linear, circular
C. Prescriptive, structuralist
D. Spiral, linear
13. Question:- continuous assessment _________.
A. Assessing the learner continuously
B. An assessment as part of teaching learning school based assessment
C. Outcome based and achievement oriented assessment
D. Summative assessment for grading
14. Question:- which of the following a practice by a teacher is detrimental to a constructive teaching learning process?
A. Giving black stars to motivate non performing students
B. Assessing learning using multiple modes
C. Being sensitive and considerate to the social context of the learners
D. Considering student’s pace of learning while assigning them tasks
15. Question:- A boy told her teacher during covid, he help the poor with foods etc. Where should she not this?
C. Rating scale
16. Question:- Not personal writting?
A. Diary writing
C. Curriculum vites
17. Question:- In inclusive terms, exceptional children means
A. Children with mental disabilities
B. Children with low IQ
C. Children with maladjustment problems
D. The gifted, intelligent, backward and mentally retarded children
18. Question:- Which of the following is not a part of motivation process?
19. Question:- In project method of teaching, the role of the teacher is
A. Active than students
B. Problem solver
C. Friend, philosopher and guide
20. Question:- One of the factors which obstruct learning is
B. Egoistic feeling
Question 21. Which of the following best describes the concept of “scaffolding” in child development?
a) Providing resources and materials for learning
b) Guiding and supporting a child’s learning process
c) Assessing a child’s abilities and achievements
d) Encouraging independent learning
Answer: b) Guiding and supporting a child’s learning process
Question 22. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Piaget’s preoperational stage of cognitive development?
a) Symbolic thinking
c) Conservation of mass
d) language development
Answer: c) Conservation of mass
Question 23. According to Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development, the primary task during adolescence is:
a) Trust vs. distrust
b) Initiative vs. guilty
c) Identity vs. role confusion
d) Generativity vs. stagnation
Answer: c) Identity vs. role confusion
Question 24. Which of the following learning theories emphasizes the importance of observing and imitating others?
b) social cognitive theory
Answer: b) Social cognitive theory
Question 25. According to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, which of the following needs must be satisfied first before higher-level needs can be fulfilled?
a) Self-actualization needs
b) Esteem needs
c) Safety requirements
d) Belongingness needs
Answer: c) Safety needs
Question 26. In the context of pedagogy, what does the term “differentiation” refer to?
a) Adapting teaching methods to meet individual needs
b) Separating students based on their abilities
c) Providing equal opportunities for all students
d) Focusing on the core curriculum
Answer: a) Adapting teaching methods to meet individual needs
Question 27. Which of the following is an example of intrinsic motivation in the context of learning?
a) A student studying for a test to avoid getting a low grade
b) A student participating in a science fair to win a prize
c) A student reading a book because they enjoy the story
d) A student completing homework to please their parents
Answer: c) A student reading a book because they enjoy the story
Question 28. According to Lev Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory, what is the role of a “zone of proximal development” (ZPD)?
a) It represents the level of achievement a child can reach independently.
b) It refers to the gap between a child’s actual development and their potential development.
c) It is the level of development that can be reached with the help of a more knowledgeable other.
d) It represents the child’s readiness to learn new concepts and skills.
Answer: c) It is the level of development that can be reached with the help of a more knowledgeable other.
Question 29. According to Jean Piaget, which of the following cognitive processes involves adjusting existing schemas to fit new information?
Answer: a) accommodation
Question 30. What is the term for the ability to understand and share the feelings of others?
Answer: a) Empathy
Question 31. Which of the following is NOT a factor that influences the development of a child?
b) Socioeconomic status
d) Personal preferences
Answer: d) Personal preferences
Question 32. According to Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory of moral development, which stage is characterized by the belief in maintaining social order and obeying rules?
Answer: b) Conventional
Question 33. Which of the following is an example of fine motor skills?
Answer: c) Writing
Question 34. What is the main goal of formative assessment in education?
a) To evaluate student performance at the end of a unit or course
b) To provide feedback for students to improve their learning
c) To compare students’ abilities with their peers
d) To determine the overall grade for a student
Answer: b) To provide feedback for students to improve their learning
Question 35. According to Jean Piaget, in which stage of cognitive development do children develop the ability to understand conservation and reversibility?
c) Concrete operational
d) formal operational
Answer: c) Concrete operational
Question 36. What does the term “inclusive education” refer to?
a) The use of technology in the classroom
b) Providing equal opportunities for students with diverse needs
c) Focusing on academic achievement above all else
d) Separating students based on their abilities
Answer: b) Providing equal opportunities for students with diverse needs
Question 37. Which of the following best describes the concept of “metacognition”?
a) Understanding and regulating one’s own thought processes
b) Memorizing and recalling information
c) Analyzing and interpreting data
d) Applying knowledge to real-life situations
Answer: a) Understanding and regulating one’s own thought processes
Question 38. Which learning style focuses on hands-on activities, manipulation of materials, and physical movement?
a) Visual learning style
b) Auditory learning style
c) Kinesthetic learning style
d) Reflective learning style
Answer: c) Kinesthetic learning style
Question 39. According to Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences, which intelligence is associated with the ability to understand and interact effectively with others?
a) Logical-mathematical intelligence
b) Linguistic intelligence
c) Interpersonal intelligence
d) musical intelligence
Answer: c) Interpersonal intelligence
Question 40. What is the purpose of an Individualized Education Program (IEP)?
a) To identify gifted students and provide specialized programs for them
b) To assess students’ overall academic performance
c) To provide accommodations and support for students with disabilities
d) To evaluate teachers’ effectiveness in the classroom
Answer: c) To provide accommodations and support for students with disabilities
Question 41. According to Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory, the primary task during early childhood is:
a) Trust vs. distrust
b) Autonomy vs. shame and doubt
c) Initiative vs. guilty
d) Identity vs. role confusion
Answer: b) Autonomy vs. shame and doubt
Question 42. What is the term for the process through which individuals acquire the values, beliefs and behaviors of their culture?
Answer: a) Socialization
Question 43. Which of the following is an example of a gross motor skill?
a) drawing a picture
b) Tying shoelaces
c) Riding a bicycle
d) Solving a math problem
Answer: c) Riding a bicycle
Question 44. According to Lev Vygotsky, what is the role of private speech in cognitive development?
a) It helps children express their emotions.
b) It allows children to communicate with others effectively.
c) It serves as a way for children to regulate and guide their own thinking.
d) It is a form of external feedback from others.
Answer: c) It serves as a way for children to regulate and guide their own thinking.
Question 45. What is the term for a learning strategy that involves breaking down complex tasks into smaller, manageable steps?
d) mastery learning
Answer: a) Chunking
Question 46. Which of the following is an example of a developmentally appropriate practice for preschool-age children?
a) Assigning lengthy homework assignments
b) Expecting children to sit still for long periods of time
c) Encouraging hands-on, interactive learning experiences
d) Focusing exclusively on academic skills
Answer: c) Encouraging hands-on, interactive learning experiences
Question 47. According to Jean Piaget, what is the term for the process by which existing schemas are modified or new schemas are created to incorporate new information?
Answer: a) accommodation
Question 48. Which of the following is an example of a fine motor skill?
a) Kicking a ball
b) Catching a ball
c) Playing a musical instrument
d) Hopping on one foot
Answer: c) Playing a musical instrument
Question 49. According to Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, which of the following needs is at the highest level?
a) Physiological needs
b) Safety requirements
c) Love and belongingness needs
d) Self-actualization needs
Answer: d) Self-actualization needs
Question 50. What is the term for the understanding that objects continue to exist even when they are no longer visible or present?
a) object permanence
Answer: a) Object permanence
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