Analysis of Recent Amendments to the Indian Constitution
Amendments to the Indian Constitution :- The Indian Constitution is a living document that has been amended several times since its adoption on 26 January 1950. Recently, in the last few years, several important amendments have been made to the Constitution of India. These amendments have had a far-reaching impact on the political and social fabric of the country. In this article, we will analyze some of the recent amendments made to the Indian Constitution.
- Analysis of Recent Amendments to the Indian Constitution
- I. Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019
- II. Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act, 2019 (Removal of article 370)
- III. Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2019 (Triple talaq bill)
- IV. National Education Policy, 2020
- V. Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020
- VI. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act, 2018
- VII. Right to Education Amendment Act, 2019
- VIII. The Constitution (103rd Amendment) ACT, 2019
- IX. National Commission for Indian System of Medicine (NCISM) Bill
I. Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019
The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019, is one of the most controversial amendments made to the Indian Constitution. The amendment provides citizenship to illegal immigrants who entered India from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan on or before December 31, 2014. The amendment also states that eligible immigrants must belong to six minority communities, namely Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christian. The Act has faced criticism from several quarters, with many alleging that it is discriminatory towards Muslims.
II. Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act, 2019 (Removal of article 370)
On August 5, 2019, the Government of India abrogated Article 370 of the Constitution, which had given special status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The amendment bifurcated the state into two union territories – Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. The abrogation of Article 370 was met with mixed reactions, with some welcoming the move as a necessary step towards integrating the state with the rest of the country, while others saw it as an attack on the region’s autonomy criticized.
III. Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2019 (Triple talaq bill)
The Triple Talaq Bill was passed by the Indian Parliament in 2019, making the practice of instant talaq (triple talaq) illegal and punishable by law. The amendment was aimed at providing greater protection to Muslim women from divorce and ensuring gender justice. The bill was lauded by many women’s rights activists as a significant step towards gender equality, while others criticized it as an attack on the personal laws of the Muslim community.
IV. National Education Policy, 2020
The National Education Policy, 2020 is a comprehensive policy document that seeks to overhaul the education system of the country. The policy emphasizes the need for a holistic and multidisciplinary education system that fosters creativity, critical thinking and problem-solving skills. It also advocates the use of technology in education and the creation of a new regulatory body, the National Education Commission. The policy has been widely hailed as a much-needed reform in the education sector.
V. Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020
The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 is one of the three farm laws passed by the Indian Parliament in September 2020. The act seeks to liberalize the agriculture sector by allowing farmers to sell their produce outside the government. Enter into contract farming agreements with regulated market and private players. The law has faced opposition from farmer unions, who claim it will lead to corporatization of agriculture and leave small farmers at the mercy of large corporations.
VI. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act, 2018
The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act, 2018, was passed to strengthen the law to prevent atrocities against Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in India. The amendment broadened the definition of atrocities against these communities and increased the punishment for such offences. It also introduced new offenses such as false prosecution, boycott and denial of services.
VII. Right to Education Amendment Act, 2019
The Right to Education Amendment Act, 2019 amends the Right to Education Act, 2009 to extend the time limit for providing free and compulsory education to all children in the age group of 14 to 18 years in India. The amendment also sought to improve the quality of education by strengthening teacher training and curriculum development.
VIII. The Constitution (103rd Amendment) ACT, 2019
The Constitution (103rd Amendment) Act, 2019 introduced 10% quota for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in educational institutions and government jobs. The amendment was aimed at providing greater opportunities to the economically weaker sections of the society, but also faced criticism for allegedly undermining the principles of affirmative action and reservation.
IX. National Commission for Indian System of Medicine (NCISM) Bill
The NCISM Bill was passed in 2020 and provides for the establishment of the National Commission for the Indian System of Medicine. The commission will be responsible for regulating and promoting education and research in traditional Indian systems of medicine such as Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy. The bill has been welcomed by those who advocate for traditional Indian medicine and believe that it will help promote their use and research.
The recent amendments to the Indian Constitution have been a mixed bag. While some of these amendments have been widely welcomed, others have faced significant opposition. The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019, and specifically the abrogation of Article 370, has been highly controversial and has led to widespread protests. It remains to be seen how these amendments will affect the country in the long run and whether they will be successful in achieving their intended goal.
Finally, recent amendments to the Indian Constitution have had a significant impact on the political and social fabric of the country. While some of these amendments have been welcomed as necessary reforms, others have been controversial and faced opposition. It is necessary to continue analyzing the impact of these amendments to ensure that they achieve their intended goals while upholding the principles of democracy, equality and justice.
The Indian Constitution is a living document that is constantly evolving to meet the needs of a changing society. These recent amendments reflect the complex and diverse nature of Indian society and the challenges it faces. While some of these amendments have been criticized, they are a testimony to India’s commitment to democracy and its citizens.
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